Bed bugs hide in snug spaces, such as cracks in boards and bed frames, behind picture frames and walls, below mattresses, carpets, furniture and in beds. At the moment when observed close up, bed bugs have white, light-tan to a deep brown or burnt orange color. Others appear reddish-brown, compacted, oval and wingless. The life span of bed bugs is different in species and they are dependent on feeding from their hosts. They intuitively seek shelter in dark cracks and they split up when disturbed from their colony. Bed bugs are identified to be a growing problem within all kinds of dwellings, including private dwellings, hotels, dormitories, cruise ships, barracks, and shelters.
Bed bugs originate from eggs. The egg’s size is around 1mm long and lived within two to seven days. At the moment when the egg hatches, it turns into a bed bug larvae and acknowledged as a maggot. The maggot undergoes nymphal phases that will last from 32 to 45 days at which point it becomes mature. A mature bed bug takes about seven months before it can lay its own eggs which are estimated to be between 300 to 500 eggs. Bed bugs grow from egg to adult via a process called: gradual metamorphosis. Gradual metamorphosis means that the last larval period develops straightforwardly into an adult without passing through a non-feeding pupal phase. There are five larval or nymphal periods, and each one needs a blood meal in advance to molting into the next life cycle period. Both adult male and female bed bugs feed on blood and take recurring blood meals during their lives. Females require blood for the development of eggs. Adult bed bugs are about a quarter inch long. Their body is extremely flat and they possess long, slender legs and antennae. Immature bed bugs are identified either as larvae or nymphs. They nearly resemble adults, however are smaller and less deeply pigmented. For all throughout this kind of reproduction, bed bugs can populate and infest different varieties of dwellings.
Eliminating bed bugs can for the most part be reserved by good sanitation and repetitive cleaning, for example regular housecleaning and washing of bed sheets. As bedbugs are found globally, travelers should as well be on your guard for hints of infestation of bed bugs in different places.